INTRODUCTION TO DEMENTIA
Dementia describes a group of symptoms that affects the ability to think, remember and engage in social activities. In dementia, nerve cells are damaged. As a result, a person experience declining brain functions, and may even result in personality changes. These symptoms are NOT due to normal ageing.
For more information on mental health conditions, you may refer to the Community Mental Health Resource Directory.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
Common symptoms of dementia include:
- Misplacing Things
- Poor Or Decreased Judgement
- Recent memory loss - That affects your daily life
- Disorientation of time and place
- Problems with language - Not finding the right word or using inappropriate words
- Changes in mood, behaviour or personality
- Difficulty performing regular daily tasks
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES
There are no known causes of dementia; people with a family history of dementia are only at a slightly increased risk in developing the disease than the general population.
HOW IS IT TREATED
If you think you or someone you know may have dementia, consult a mental health professional.
Treatment comes in the following forms:
- Medication: There are some new medications that have shown to have a temporary effect in improving mental functioning. As persons with dementia often have anxiety or depression, medication can also be helpful for these symptoms.
- Cognitive training: Training using memory aids, such as recording devices and note-taking are encouraged to help you cope with the condition rather than as a treatment.
Source: Singapore Silver Pages, an initiative by the Agency for Integrated Care. Reproduced with permission.
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