INTRODUCTION TO HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
Your blood pressure never stays the same. It changes when you exercise or feel fear or pain. It also increases when you get older. But some people have high blood pressure all the time, which puts a lot of stress on their artery walls.
This can lead to further problems, such as a heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure and even blindness.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS
You may have high blood pressure if you experience the following:
- Or the feeling of wanting to throw up.
- Shortness Of Breath
- Blurred Vision
WHAT CAUSES IT
About 10 per cent of patients have high blood pressure because of kidney disease, problems with their endocrine system (which are linked to glands in your body that produce hormones), and narrow arteries or abnormal blood vessel.
For the 90 per cent of patients, there is evidence that says they may have high blood pressure because of their lifestyle or because the condition runs in the family. Their risk factors include:
- Family history of high blood pressure
- Excessive salt intake
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Feeling constantly stressed
HOW IT IS DIAGNOSED
Your doctor will diagnose if you have high blood pressure by doing the following:
- Look at your medical history
- Check if you show signs of complications, such as heart failure
- Carry out blood and urine tests
- Perform an X-ray of your chest
- Ask you to go for an electrocardiogram, which measures how well your heart is pumping blood
HOW IT IS TREATED
If you have high blood pressure, there is no cure for it. But you can control the disease and keep it from getting worse. You can change your lifestyle to keep yourself healthier, or take medication to keep your blood pressure under control.
HOW TO PREVENT IT
You can lower your chances of getting high blood pressure by doing the following:
- Reduce your body weight, if you are overweight
- Cut down on the salt and sugar you eat
- Eat more fibre
- Quit smoking
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid too much alcohol
- Manage your stress better
Source: Singapore Silver Pages
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