Fewer people are donating to charity, but those who are, are giving more generously. When it comes to volunteering, the reverse is true. More people are giving their time, although in shorter periods.
But these developments over the last two years, driven by what experts believe is a resurgence of the kampung spirit, still mean a win-win for charities, according to a biennial study commissioned by the National Volunteer and Philanthropy Centre (NVPC).
Donations went up from $1.25 billion in 2014 to $2.18 billion last year - a rise of nearly 75 per cent. This was despite 76 per cent of last year's respondents saying they had donated money, compared to 83 per cent in 2014.
The time put in by volunteers went up more dramatically. In 2014, when the last survey was done, they clocked 66 million hours. Last year, the figure nearly doubled, to 121 million hours - despite the number of hours put in by each volunteer falling from 93 to 84 hours.
The ninth edition of the study, called the Individual Giving Survey and which polled 389 respondents living and working in Singapore, also showed a rise in informal volunteerism. Almost three in four volunteered or donated through such informal channels.
These are ground-up efforts in which, instead of working with or donating to an organisation, people serve on their own to help others.
This includes neighbours banding together to form community networks to look out for seniors. Or, instead of donating to animal welfare groups, people rescuing injured stray dogs and cats on their own.
About half of the volunteers gave their time to such efforts last year, compared to a quarter in 2014.
"This reflects a positive trend for civic participation in Singapore as more people are starting ground-up efforts or volunteering directly," NVPC said. "It shows that the kampung spirit is coming back," said NVPC director for knowledge and advocacy Jeffrey Tan.
Dr Kang Soon-Hock, head of the social science core at SIM University, said the rise in informal volunteerism could be due to the awareness created by social media for certain social causes.
For instance, during the intense haze episode in 2015, a social movement called Stand Up For Our Singapore went online and raised about $6,000 to buy air purifiers and filters for the elderly and needy in the North Bridge Road area.
Its founder Wally Tham, 39, said he and some other volunteers visited the seniors and found that even though many of them had N95 masks at home, they were not using them as many of them had difficulty breathing through it. In all, the volunteers distributed 40 air filters and 10 purifiers to residents.
National University of Singapore sociologist Paulin Straughan said such informal opportunities are increasing in popularity as they allow people to see an impact. "And they may be inspired to contribute more - whether through time or money."
Volunteers may also be hesitant about making long-term commitments, which may clash with work or home responsibilities, she added.
Mr Tham said informal volunteerism provides a more flexible option, but added it could also be a gateway for longer-term volunteer work. "If they realise they enjoy our projects, they can connect with established charities for longer commitments."
Donations to organisations last year, up from $1.25 billion in 2014. However, fewer people were giving - just 76 per cent. It was 83 per cent in 2014.
Number of hours clocked by volunteers last year, up from 66 million in 2014. Yet, the number of hours put in by each volunteer has fallen from 93 hours to 84 hours.
Source: The Straits Times © Singapore Press Holdings Limited. Reproduced with permission.